Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi is popularly known as Kashi and Banaras and it is one of the holiest cities of India situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is positioned charmingly on the west bank of Holy Ganges River. It has got its name from two sacred rivers Varuna situated at the north and Assi situated at the south of the city. The city is mentioned in the sacred epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. It is also called the land of Moksh; the significance lies in the faith of the people i.e. those who die in Kashi will achieve salvation or Moksh. The city is crowded by numbers of devotees every day all-round the year. It is a perfect place for those who are stirred by Hindu beliefs, traditions, cultures and notions. It is also regarded as a holy city by Buddhists and Jains. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and probably the oldest of India. Varanasi is also renowned as a hub of silk weaving. The Paan, a mixture of betel leaves, areca nut, tobacco and lime, is a common chewing addiction in India but in Varanasi it reaches artistic levels. There are a number of enchanting temples in the city that showcases the customs and religious belief of the Hindus. The city is also a major hub of art, craft, education as well as culture.
Varanasi airport is well connected with all the major cities of the country. The city is also well connected by rail. The city mainly has two major railway stations; Varanasi railway station and Kashi railway station. Varanasi being a prominent city of Uttar Pradesh is connected by neighbouring states through road.
April to June is the summer season and the temperature ranges between 32°C and 46°C. It is not the best time to visit Varanasi. July to September is the monsoon season. The city receives average rainfall during the season. Winter season starts from November and lasts till March. The city becomes very cool during this period and the temperature even comes down to five degrees Celsius. Cold wind coming from the Himalayan region makes the environment even colder. This is definitely the best time to visit Varanasi.
Jantar Mantar: Jantar Mantar is an observatory. It was built by Jai Singh, the Maharaja of Jaipur in the year 1737. He was an admirer of science and his zeal for astronomy led to the foundation of this huge edifice. It was built with the motive of calculating the local time and the height of a place as per the movement of the Sun, stars and planets and to determine eclipses. The place is well-known for its numerous structures in different shapes that have specialized function for astronomical measurements in Varanasi.
Durga Mandir: The Durga Mandir (Temple) is situated in Ramnagar of Banaras (or Varanasi). It is believed that it was built 500 years ago which is under control of royal family of Banaras State currently. This temple is devoted to Hindu deity Durga. The temple has a large stone built pond with it. The Durga Mandir boasts of its fine stone works, which is a fabulous example of north Indian stone work arts. The temple is based on square shape. It has a square campus. The main building of temple is built of a square shaped stage. The shape of building is also square. The temple has a huge square pond in front of it. The pond is with stone stairs in all sides and four watch pillars on each corner. There is a shade made of stone also at one side of the pond. The stone work on the walls of temple building also emphasizes the square shape. The temple wall has designs built in square shaped blocks and ornamental scrawls.
Bharat Mata Temple: The Bharat Mata Temple is a unique amalgamation of patriotism and spiritualism. Located in Varanasi, the temple is a grand display of Mother India but not in the form of any deity or Goddess but as a marble-carved relief map that amazingly pin-points the geographical beauty of un