Pune is one of the most famous cities of India and the second largest city of Maharashtra and used to be called Poona. The city being centrally located on the shadow of the Western Ghats encircles many leisure destinations like Khandala and Lonavala, pilgrimage centers like Shirdi and heritage towns like Ajanta & Ellora. The city itself has got its own cultural essence and is often dubbed as the cultural capital of the state. This beautiful city was once well known as the centre of power of the Maratha Empire and is located at the height of 560 meters above sea level. Pune has also emerged as an educational hub of the country as many renowned institutions have opened their branches here. Pune tourism has many attractions to offer like Aga Khan Palace, National War Museum, Osho Ashram, Saras Garden, Tulsi Baug. This beautiful city is also famous for manufacturing glass, sugar and forging industries. It is renowned for its cultural activities such as classical music, spirituality, theatre, sports, and literature.
Pune is connected through a well-knit network of roadways, railways and airways with rest of India. The Pune Railway Station is one the busiest railway stations in the Deccan railways. It connects with all the major cities in India. Thus one who is planning to reach Pune by train can connect from distant part of the country. Nonetheless Pune Railway Station serves as a halt for south bound trains from Mumbai, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as the destination for trains to north India. Pune city itself hosts a domestic airport that connects it with all the major cities in India. The Chattrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai is the closest international airport.
The city dwells a tropical wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 20 degree and 28 degree. The months of October to February is the ideal time to visit Pune as the climate is pleasant with cool and humid atmosphere and makes it perfect for sightseeing. The climate in Pune hops up to be hot and humid during the months of May and June when the temperature ranges in between 35 degree to 40 degree. The months of July, August and September abounds moderate to heavy rainfall and offers a relief to the scorching heat of summer.
Pune attractions possess their own charm and beautiful history to unfold. National parks like Kamala Nehru Park and Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park are great places to explore in Pune, especially if you are an adventure freak, wildlife photographer and photo enthusiast. Hill stations like Lonavala and Khandala are nearby attractions and lead to a great weekend trip. Pune sightseeing is never complete without a leisure day at Empress Garden and Taljai Hills.
Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute - The Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute, Pune was established on 19th January 1975. The institute is dedicated to Smt. Ramamani Iyengar, the wife of Yogacharya B.K.S. Iyengar. It is known worldwide for its yogic and moral values that it inculcates to its student. The institute has been designed artistically with three floors called body, mind and soul. It has a height of 71 feet and consists of 8 columns which represent eight limbs of ashtanga yoga viz, yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana and samadhi. The institute has a gallery of awards, citations, presentations, offerings and works of art presented to Guruji. There are 8000 titles of books under various subjects like philosophy, human anatomy and physiology, Ayurveda, commentaries on the scriptures, modern medicine and of course yoga.
Shinde Chhatri - The Shinde Chhatri is a memorial constructed for the Maratha leader, Mahadji Shinde. The memorial is situated in Wanowrie and holds great importance for the Scindia (Shinde) people. It has a hall that happens to be the cremation spot of Mahadji Shinde and was built on 12th February 1974. The memorial has a painted silver likeness of the warrior covered with a flame coloured turban and a shawl. Prayer vessels are also kept at his feet and are used to please the Lord every morning. Mahadji Shinde also built a temple for Lord Shiva inside the hall in 1974. The carvings and idols of saints in the temple are made of yellow stone and the sanctum has been constructed of black stone. The memorial bears an Anglo-Rajasthani style and showcases fine regional culture. The Chhatri or hall has carvings and painting along with a gallery in it. It consists of paintings and photographs of the Scindia family.
Aga Khan Palace - The Aga Khan Palace is also known as the Gandhi National Museum and is a part of the Indian freedom struggle. It served as a prison for national leaders like Mahatma Gandhi during the Quit India Movement in 1942.The Aga Khan Palace was donated to India by Aga Khan IV during 1969. The museum also serves as a memorial wherein the remains (Samadhi) of Mahatma Gandhi's wife, Kasturba Gandhi rest in peace. The palace was built in 1892 by Sultan Mohammed Shah, Aga Khan III. The palace comprises of five halls and large verandahs. Although the palace is architecturally Islamic yet it includes hints of Italian art with many arches. The palace also contains a gallery which has belongings of Mahatama Gandhi like clothes, footwear and a few more. The palace is situated on Nagar Road in Kalyani Nagar.
Osho Ashram - To calm the restless mind, seek inner peace and meditate in tranquility, the premises of the famous Osho Ahsram in Koregaon Park, is absolutely apt. The cool aura, calm ambience, burbling waters and the angelic sound of birds add to this blissful experience. Sprawling across 32 acre of land, the ashram includes a beautifully-maintained park known as Nulla Park or Osho Teerth. It has a swimming pool, sauna, spa, Jacuzzi, gym, tennis court and a boutique guest house.
Parvati Hill - The Parvati Hill is situated in the southern end of the city and it takes 108 steps to climb atop the hill to get a magnificent view of the city. The hill has four temples dedicated to Shiva, Ganesh, Vishnu and Kartikeya respectively situated on top of the hill. The place also has a close association with the Peshwa rulers and is also a part of the Maratha history. Apart from the temples, there is also a Parvati museum that houses replicas of old manuscripts as well as paintings. The museum is a commemoration of the Peshwa rule and has a collection of portraits of the Peshwa rulers. The museum is also the deathbed or Samadhi Sthan of Shrimant Nanasaheb Peshwa.
National War Museum - The National War Museum was built in 1997 and is a memorial for Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the nation. It was established by citizens of Pune under the Express Citizen Forum which established the War Memorial Fund. The museum is situated in Pune Cantonment and has been opened up for the public since 1998. The National War Museum is made up of pillars and spreads across 25 feet of land. The major attraction of the museum is MIG 23 BN Jet Fighter which was used during the Kargil War. The museum showcases arms, uniforms and personal mementos which were given as a Scottish contribution to the British Army.
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