Delhi

Located in Northern India, Delhi which is also known as the National Capital of India is a union territory. People come to visit Delhi for its rich ancient history and popular tourist attractions like India Gate, Jantar Mantar, Akshardham Temple, Lotus Temple, Jama Masjid and World Heritage Sites like Red Fort, Qutab Minar and Humayun’s Tomb. Being one of the popular historical cities in India as well as the capital city in India, New Delhi is frequented by both tourists and corporate travelers.

Delhi casts its spell across history, religion and modernity. While the ancient ramparts narrate the chapters of Indian history, old shopping markets like Chandni Chowk brings forth authentic North Indian delicacies and year – old shops to give a feel of Indian tradition. The colonial walls of Connaught Place are one of the popular tourist places to visit in New Delhi that can be added with a great shopping experience. Holiday in New Delhi is an ideal mix of night life, cultural fusion and heritage and North Indian cuisines.

Weather

The best time to visit Delhi is either during the months of October and November or February and March. Rest of the year the climate in New Delhi is either too hot or too cold.

The temperature in Delhi in April starts to soar and reaches to a maximum of 35°C to 40°C whereas in May and June soars further up to 46°C. The summer stretches from April to August.

The city experiences monsoon showers occasionally from end of June to September. From July to September the temperature nestles between 30°C and 35°C.

The Delhi climate experiences a chilled winter especially from December to January. The temperature in Delhi in December slowly drops down to 5°C and roves between a maximum of 12°C. In the month of January the temperature hops in between 3 °C and 7°C.

How to Reach

New Delhi has a very good network of roadways, railways and airways.

Located in the western corner of Delhi, Indira Gandhi International Airport connects various national as well as international destinations. It is also regarded as one of the biggest airport of the country that provides world class facilities like shopping centers, duty free shops, eating, cafeteria, coffee shops as well as cyber cafes.

Delhi is regarded as one of the major railway junction in the rail map of India. Nizamuddin Railway Station, Anand Vihar Railway Terminal, New Delhi railway station, Old Delhi railway station and Sarai Rohilla are some of the major station from where people can find for several routes.

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) provides metro services that connect several parts of the Delhi to the neighboring destinations like Gurgaon, Noida, and Ghaziabad.

Key attractions/Sight seeing

Red Fort: Located right in the heart of the city, the Red Fort is one of the prominent red sandstone architecture that was built by the Mughals in the year 1648. Today it is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Old Delhi. The massive walls cover a total area of about 254.67 acres. The eminent structures that the Red Fort holds are the Lahore Gate (the main gate), Delhi Gate (the public gate), Diwan-i-khas (the Hall of Private Audiences), Nahr-i-Behisht (which grounds the imperial private apartments), Moti Masjid, the Pearl Mosque, Hayat Bakhsh Bagh, pavilions, water channels and fountains. The fort served as the residence of the Mughal emperors. Over the years the fort has witnessed many rulers including Nadir Shah in 1739, the Marathas in 1752, Ahmed Shah Durrani after the third battle of Panipat, Baghel Singh Dhaliwal in 1783 and later by the British in 1803. Today it serves as the place from where the Prime Minister of India addresses the people on the Independence Day. One of the major tourist attractions in the Red Fort is the light and sound show that narrates the Mughal history.

India Gate: India Gate is one of the prominent landmarks in Delhi that stands tall as the national monument of India. Situated on the Raj Path in New Delhi, India Gate is 42 meter tall gate that is regarded as All India War Memorial. The memorial bears the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919. The historic monument was constructed in 1931. Edwin Lutyens had started designing the India Gate to pay homage to the Indian Soldiers who lost their lives in the World War I and the Afghan War. Children Park, lush greenery and the boating clubs are some of the things that are considered as an ideal place for an evening outing. India Gate is approximately few minutes from the Parliament and Rashtrapati Bhavan. Following India’s independence, the India Gate became the site of the Indian Army’s Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, known as Amar Jawan Jyoti; “the flame of the immortal soldier”. Today it attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world.

Lotus Temple: Lotus Temple is one of the prominent attractions of New Delhi. It is close to Nehru Place, one of the busiest commercial hubs in the city. The temple is built in the shape of a lotus flower amidst the lush green landscape that turn up to a pleasant and tranquil ambience. It is a Bahai House of Worship and is open to people from all religions. The Bahaí Faith is a world religion whose purpose is to unite all races and peoples in one universal Cause and one common Faith. The temple is made of white marbles, cement, dolomite and sand with around nine crystal clear pools dotted all over it. The approximate 40 meter tall sanctum in the form of 27 blooming petals can accommodate as much as 2000 people at a time. Lotus Temple, one of the seven Bahai Houses of Worship has won laurels and applauds from all over the world for its impressive architectural design and rationale behind it. There are nine doors of the Lotus Temple which opens onto a central hall. Its vicinity comprises of gardens decorated with towering trees, short bushes and colorful flowers.

Akshardham Temple: Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple in New Delhi is an epitome of Indian culture. It is heralded by the Guinness World Record as the World’s Largest Comprehensive Hindu Temple. Akshardham is nothing short of an unforgettable experience taking every visitor close to the breathtaking beauty and grandeur of India’s ancient art, architecture, and eternal spiritual teachings.

Qutab Minar: Qutub Minar, a soaring 73 m high tower of victory built in 1193 is one of the finest monuments in the world. An architecture reminiscent of the distinct styles from the Tughlak and Aibak dynasties that ruled Delhi stands sculptured with red sandstone in the first three storeys while the fourth and fifth are made of marble and sandstone.

Jantar Mantar: Among most popular places to visit in Delhi is the Jantar Mantar, an ancient observatory built by Maharaja Jaisingh of Udaipur in 1794 on the main Parliament Street at Connaught Place. The instruments at Jantar Mantar are undoubtedly fascinating for their ingenuity.

Jama Masjid: India’s largest mosque, Jama Masijd a sight to behold is definitely among the places to visit in Delhi. The magnum opus mosque constructed by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan stands tall at 40 feet with 4 angles, 2 minarets and can contain 25,000 devotees. The mosque’s eye catching exterior made of red sandstone strips and marble is incredible. Marvel the view from the Southern minaret as one gets to see New Delhi’s landmark buildings – the Jama Masjid, Connaught Place and Sansad Bhavan (Parliament House) in a direct line.

Raj Ghat: Serving as the final resting ground for many of India’s greatest heroes, Delhi is also home to Raj Ghat. The black marble platform marking the spot where Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, was cremated after his assassination in 1948 still shakes up feelings of patriotism and gratitude in every Indian’s heart. Surrounded by a beautiful park with labeled trees planted by like Queen Elizabeth II, USA President Eisenhower, Ho Chi Minh and various others adds serenity to the memorial. Two museums dedicated to the memorials of Mahatma Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi (Veera Bhoomi), Indira Gandhi (Shakti Sthal), Jawaharlal Nehru (Shanti Vana) and Lal Bahadur Shastri (Vijay Ghat) are also present in the vicinity.

Humayun’s Tomb: It was built after the death of Humayun by his senior widow Bega Begum. It is the first garden tomb in the Indian Subcontinent. The tomb stands in the center of a square garden called ‘Charbagh’ which has shallow water channels running through it. Several rulers of the Mughal Dynasty lie buried here. It was from here that the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Jafar was captured by the British in 1857.

Agrasen ki Baoli: Recognised as a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India, Agrasen ki Baoli (The well of Agrasen) is truly a fine example of architecture. It is combined with the ingenuity of the construction and preciseness by the masters of yore. While no one knows the origins of this step well structure, it is widely believed that is was constructed by the King Ugrasen during the Mahabharata Era. The well, which is amongst the few of its kind in Delhi, consists of 103 steps, few of which are immersed in water. The top 3 levels of the well are visible and each of them is lined with arched niches on either sides.

Laxminarayan Temple (Birla Mandir): Built in 1939 and inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi, Birla Mandir is in reverence to Lord Narayana and Goddess Laxmi. One of the major attractions in Delhi and frequented places, Birla Mandir is a true testimony of India’s unity in diversity philosophy. The temple is open to visitors of very faith.

Gurudwara Bangla Sahib: Situated in the heart of Connaught Place, the present Gurdwara was once a bungalow of Mirza Raja Jai Singh – hence giving its name Bangla Sahib. A sacred place with its deep-rooted history dating back to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, the Gurdwara is known to have saved the residents of Delhi from a severe epidemic. Even today, this impressive Gurdwara attracts devotees from afar to take a dip in the holy water here to heal them from suffering.

Nizamuddin Dargah: The Nizamuddin Dargah is a symbol of honor and respect of the devotees to Nizamuddin Auliya, a Sufi Saint. This great and transcendental Sufi saint lived in Delhi between (1238- 1325 CE). The Dargah (Mausoleum) is a melting pot of all cultures as devotees arrive here irrespective of their cast, culture, color or creed. The Dargah believes in the principles of equality. Constructed in the Indo-Islamic tradition, the surroundings of the Dargah are always melodious with the sound of Qawwali filling up the air. The shrine tomb of Amir Khusro is also located in the same premises, right next to the tomb of his master, Nizamuddin Auliya.

Jamali Kamli Mosque and Tomb: The Jamali Kamli Mosque and tomb constitute two historical monuments that are constructed next to each other. It is estimated that the mosque dates back to around 16th Century and was consecrated under the leadership of Sikandar Lodi, Babar and Humayun who were emperors of the Mughal dynasty. The Jamli tomb was erected in honour of a renowned saint called Shaikh Fazlu’llah who was also called by the name Shaikh Jamali Kamboh. Kamali, however, was a commoner who was Jamali’s companion. The lineage of Kamali is not known. However, they are buried next to each other which led to the tomb being called by that name. Built with sandstone and marble, it is one of the precursors in the Mughal architecture in India, making it one of the must places to visit in Delhi.

Hauz Khas: The famous and historical structure of Hauz Khas derives its name from a large water tank that is located on its premises. The name Hauz Khas translates to mean the ‘Royal Tank’. The complex is essentially an assembly of ruins that are beautiful even in their wreckage. This rainwater reservoir has metamorphosed into a common hangout for youth as the structure is surrounded by numerous quirky places to eat as well as a shopping district for the people of the city.

Nehru Planetarium: The Nehru Planetarium is located on the sprawling grounds of the Teen Murti House which was the former residence of the First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. The planetarium was built with the primary aim of promoting curiosity and inquisitiveness in the minds of children. One of the major draws of this place is the Soyuz T-10 which carried India’s first Cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma to the moon. The stunning sky theatre show attracts almost 200,000 visitors each year making it one of the most popular places to visit in Delhi. The star projector ‘Megastar’ can now display a stunning 2 million stars at present.

Lodhi Gardens: Lodi Gardens is a 90 acre green space in the home of Delhi’s oldest dynasty, the Lodhi. This green carpet flows seamlessly through several monuments like the Bada Gumbad, Bada Gumbad Mosque, Sheesh Gumbad, Sikandar Tomb and Mohammed Shah Tomb that are brilliant reminiscent of an era gone by. One of the nicest spots on campus is the lake, which is an ideal spot to end the visit.

The National Zoological Park: The National Zoological Park in New Delhi has recreated an ambience of the natural habitat to give its inhabitants a resemblance of their homes. Not only are endangered species conserved and protected here, but also helps them to breed in captivity. A remarkable feature of the zoo is that the authorities educate and sensitize over 1.6 million visitors about the link between humans and animals thus enlightening the value of conservation.

Old Fort (Purana Quila): In the list of places to visit in Delhi, Purana Quila is one of the most ancient grandeurs of the city. With rectangular dimensions, it spreads over a circuit of nearly 2 kilometers. Boating in the lake nearby and a sound and light show in the evening are special attractions.

Tughlaqabad Fort: Tughlaqabad Fort was built by the founder of the Tughlaq Dynasty in 1321. It is spread across an area of 6.5 km. The fort is a gigantic stone structure, with walls that are 10-15 meters high. Crowning the walls are battlement parapets and bastions. The fort-city of Tughlaqabad was supposed to have as many as 52 gates, out of which only 13 remain now.

Rashtrapati Bhawan: On the opposite of the Rajpath is residence of the President of India. With four floors and 340 rooms in a floor area of 200,000 square feet, it has a huge presidential garden (Mughal Garden), large open spaces, residences of bodyguards and staff, stables, other offices and utilities within its perimeter walls. The Mughal Gardens with two channels and energetic fountains add to the beauty of the place. The mansion is open to tourists for visit on Friday, Saturday and Sunday. Whereas Mughal Garden is open to the public from February- March every year.

Garden of Five Senses: This garden is a treat to the eyes. It has 25 sculptures and murals on display and walkways surrounded by flowering and fragrant shrubs and trees. There is also a food and shopping court in the garden where you can enjoy a good meal while a light breeze awakens your senses. The garden is spotted as one of the most romantic places in Delhi.

Chhatarpur Temple: The Shri Adhya Katyani Peeth Mandir, popularly known as the Chhatarpur Temple is India’s second largest temple complex. Built by Baba Sant Nagpal Ji in 1974, the Chhatarpur Tempe is constructed entirely out of marble and is dedicated to Goddess Durga in her avatar as Goddess Katyayini. The architecture of the Chhatarpur Temple follows a South Indian style of architecture, especially the style used by the Cholas Dynasty. The temple complex comprises of twenty temples dedicated to deities such as Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Krishna, Lord Shiva and Lord Ganesha among others. The Chhatarpur temple complex also houses the main shrine of Goddess Katyayini, which is only open to devotees during Navratri, twice every year. The temple complex also has a museum which is dedicated to Baba Sant Nagpal Ji, the founder of the temple.

Paranthe Wali Gali: Paranthe Wali Gali is the narrow street arraying with shops, selling parantha and fried Indian breads. It is one of the oldest markets in Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk. The history of Paranthe Wali Gali dates back to the golden period of the Indian history during the reign of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Before the alleys established as the ‘Paranthe Wali Gali’, it was known only for its silverware shops. The first Paranthe shop moved here in the year 1870. Here varieties of paranthas include fillings like Kaju, Badam, Matar, Mix Paranthas, Rabri & Khoya Parantha, Gobhi Parantha, Parat Parantha etc.

National Rail Museum: With an exotic collection of over hundred exhibits of trains from Indian Railways, National Rail Museum is a must visit place with your kids. Static and working models, signaling equipment, antique furniture, historical photographs, Prince of Wales’ Saloon, Maharaja of Mysore’s Saloon are the major attractions. A mono toy train is the star attraction among kids.

Chandni Chowk: The main street of Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk is the heart of Delhi. Chaotically competing for space, its narrow lanes are filled with shops to buy inexpensive stuff. Also, it is quite a popular place for Street food.

Connaught Place: Located at the center of Delhi (near to New Delhi railway station), it has the large collections of all the things what a tourist can expect. There are world class five star hotels, showrooms of almost all top brands, expensive restaurant, best multiplexes/theaters etc. makes it the most popular tourist attractions in Delhi. Connaught Place is the shopping center of entire Delhi. There are some cheap and reasonable areas for shopping including Palika Bazaar, Janpath market etc.

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